A Chinese philosopher lived in late 4th century BC but influenced the world afterwards.

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Our initial distinction was marking each passage wihin a chapter as either a parable or an argument. From there,we marked the linguistic techniques employed by Zhuangzi, such as metaphor, simile, and paradoxes, as well as their connotation, either positive or negative. After we marked up the linguistic features, we added speaker names and references to geographic locations, external quotes, and historical events. The Zhuangzi is already very linguistically dense, so adding extra clarity and continuity to even these parts of the text has the potential to greatly increase the reader's comprehension of the text.


Figurative language

Types of language (see `style` attribute for list)


"a seemingly absurd or self-contradictory statement or proposition that when investigated or explained may prove to be well founded or true."


Zhuangzi comparing opposite things; not exactly "absurd" like a paradox would be, moreso implying unity in absolute opposite polarity.


Sometimes comparison doesn't come hand in hand, so we tag it differently **Rhetorical** - Asking rhetorical questions (i.e. a question with an implied answer)